Contact TheIPD.US




Regulatory Actions
View Public Comments
Submit Comments

NMFS ITA for Gulf of Mexico
NMFS Acoustic Guidelines
NMFS IHA for Scripps

Science
  Best Available Science on Acoustic Effects on Marine Mammals
  Seismic vs. Sonar
  Physical Effects
 Behavioral Effects
  Models
  Sound Propagation
  Mitigation
 Extrapolation From Terrestrial Mammal Acoustic Effects to Marine Mammals
  Cumulative and Synergistic Effects
 Indirect Effects

  NMFS
 MMS
 MMC
 NAS
  US Navy
 Sperm Whale Seismic Study
 ICES
 Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Institute
 NRDC
 ACCOBAMS
 The Acoustic Ecology Institute
 ASCOBANS
 Fisheries and Oceans Canada
 Sakhalin Energy Investment Company Limited

Library
  Statutes
 Regulations
 Relevant NMFS Permits
 Major Studies and Reports

Comment on IPD
  Potential Research Projects
  Research Underway
  Structure of the IPD

CRE Interventions
  Agency Administrative Actions
  Rulemaking
  Litigation



















 

Soundings Archive

FWS Publishes Final Polar Bear Rules for Oil & Gas Exploration in the Chukchi
On June 11, 2008, The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service published final rules governing oil and gas exploration in the Chukchi Sea, off the western coast of Alaska. These rules are promulgated under the Marine Mammal Protection Act. They authorize the nonlethal, incidental, unintentional take of small numbers of Pacific walruses and polar bears during oil and gas industry seismic and other exploration activities in the Chukchi. The rules will be effective for 5 years from date of issuance.

The rules include: permissible methods of nonlethal taking; measures to ensure that Industry activities will have the least practicable adverse impact on the species and their habitat, and on the availability of these species for subsistence uses; and requirements for monitoring and reporting. The FWS will issue Letters of Authorization (LOAs) to individual applicants who want to conduct activities under the rules.

These rules are very controversial and may end up in court.

  • Click here to read FWS rules

  •  
    Copyright 2005 The Center for Regulatory Effectiveness.
    All rights reserved.